Society and Environment

Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Lithosphere
Society and Environment

Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Lithosphere

18) Write brief notes on atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. The global environment consists of atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere in which the life-sustaining resources of the earth are contained. The atmosphere , which is a mixture of various gases (mainly nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and water vapour) extending outward from the...
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Society and Environment

Environment and Environmental Pollution

17) Give most suitable definitions of "environment" and "environmental pollution". What is a pollutant as defined by the Government of India in its Environmental Protection Act (1986)? Earth is the only planet where other living beings have evolved because of the availability of all the ingredients such as air, water,...
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Society and Environment

Holiday and Rolling Plan

16) What is Holiday and Rolling Plan? Holiday PlanSince the Third five-year Plan had gone away, the process of planning itself became discredited in the eyes of many people. As a result, there were demands from many different quarters to declare a Plan Holiday .Rolling PlanThe new pattern of planning...
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Society and Environment

Planning by direction

15) What is the meaning of "planning by direction" ? The government may also influence the supply and / or demand of various commodities, and thus increase or decrease their production , consumption and price. The first of these methods (issue of orders, imposition of controls, etc.) is known as...
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Society and Environment

Range of capital-output ratio for the developing countries

14) What is the range of capital-output ratio for the developing countries? The ratio determines the rate at which the output of a country grows as a result of a given volume of the capital investment. A lower capital-output ratio leads to a comparatively higher rate of the growth of...
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Society and Environment

Most effective method of population control

13) What is the most effective method of population control? The most effective method of population control is the spread of education. To a very large extent, the qualitative aspect of a country's population is determined bye the level of literacy. The higher the rate of literacy, the higher is...
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Society and Environment

Rate of population growth

12) Define the "rate of population growth" The rate of population growth is given by the difference between the birth rate and death rate of a country. Read In Hindi जनसंख्या वृद्धि की दर किसी देश की जन्म दर और मृत्यु दर के अंतर से दी जाती है।
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Society and Environment

Science, Engineering and Technology

11) Define Science, Engineering and Technology Science, engineering and technology are the most important factors for changing a traditional society into a modern and developed one. Engineering is the, I applied science and technology is the applied engineering. This clearly shows that social, economic and scientific factors for development are...
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Society and Environment

The objectives of planning

10) Explain the objectives of planning The objectives of planning, however, are not the same for all countries, nor are they the same for any country at all times. What precisely arc the objectives of planning depend on the stage of economic development of the countryconcerned, the socio-economic conditions prevalent...
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Society and Environment

Planning and its characteristics

9) Define planning. What are its characteristics? Definition of planning given by Prof. Dickinson. According to him, "Economic planning is the making of ma) or economic decisions - what and how much is to be produced; how, when and where it is to be produced and to whom it is to...
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Society and Environment

The role of science and technology in rural development

8) Explain the role of science and technology in rural development Application of science and technology for rural development has acquired a special significance in India's development programs. Rural people occupy the pivotal position in the context of anti-poverty programs. It has been wellrecognized that the physical resources alone are...
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Society and Environment

Obstacles to Transfer of Technology

7)Write a note on the obstacles to Transfer of Technology If the experience of the industrialized countries has been that science and technology have been ma)or instruments for their economic development, one would assume that the same should be true for developing countries too. Certainly, great advances have been made...
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Society and Environment

The role of science and technology in development

6) Explain the role of science and technology in development In order to appreciate properly the rationale and relevance of adopting science and technology for development, it is necessary to draw a distinction between the two terms "science" and "technology". As explained earlier, science and technology are closely related and...
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Society and Environment

Interrelationship between social, economic and scientific factors

5) Write a brief note on interrelationship between social, economic and scientific factors. Economic development is hardly possible without social change, and science, engineering and technology are the most important factors for changing a traditional society into a modern and developed one. Engineering is the ( I applied science and...
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Society and Environment

International trade plays an important role in economic development

4) "International trade plays an important role in economic development''-Justify the statement International trade plays a very important role in economic development since it allows a country to escape from its own limitations of natural and human resources and concentrates its efforts in the areas in which it has a...
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Under-developed economy and their Characteristics
Society and Environment

Under-developed economy and their Characteristics

3) Define and explain a under-developed economy. What are the basics Characteristics of under-developed countries? : According to the "United Nations Experts Committee," an under- Pr -7 developed country is one whose per capita real income is low when compared with the per capita real income of the US, Canada,...
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List the impediments to development
Society and Environment

List the impediments to development

2) List the impediments to development There are several impediments to development of a traditional society. Some of the obstacles are: (1) Lack of skills. (2) Rigid administrative system. (3) Impatience for rapid development. (4) Passion for quantitative expansion. (5) Premature politicization. (6) Strain on law and order resources. (7)...
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Some of the major aspects of development
Society and Environment

Some of the major aspects of development

1) Some of the major aspects of development Development is a total transformation of society and a movement in consciously chosen direction. There is no straight and linear progress from traditional to modern society, and neither is this transition smooth. Development is a complex one and involves several aspects: Political...
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